Ramadan (Arabic: رمضان Ramaḍān, Arabic pronunciation:[rɑmɑdˤɑːn])
(also Ramazan, Ramzan, Ramdan, Ramadaan,Ramadhan)
is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar.
It is the Islamic month of fasting,
in which participating Muslims refrain from eating,
drinking and sexual activities from dawn until sunset.
Fasting is intended
to teach Muslims about patience,
humility and spirituality and is a time
for Muslims to fast for the sake of God
(Arabic: الله, trans: Allah)
and to offer more prayer than usual.
Muslims ask forgiveness for past sins,
pray for guidance and help in refraining
from everyday evils, and try to purify themselves
through self-restraint and good deeds.
As compared to the solar calendar,
the dates of Ramadan vary,
moving backwards about ten days each year
depending on the moon.
Ramadan was the month in which
the first verses of the Qur’an were revealed
to the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.
fasting is decreed for you as it was
decreed for those before you;
perchance you will be cautious.”
Word of Allah Almighty:
“And you eat and drink
until the white thread of light
from the black thread of dawn.”